Sleep DisordersPage 3 of 8
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Common Signs of a
Look over this list of common signs of a sleep disorders, and
talk to your doctor if you have any of them:
Sleep Disorder and
Common Sleep Disorders
Also keep in mind that, although children can show some of
these same signs of a sleep disorder, they often do not show
signs of excessive daytime sleepiness. Instead, they may seem
overactive and have difficulty focusing and concentrating. They
also may not do their best in school.
A number of sleep disorders can disrupt your sleep quality and
leave you with excessive daytime sleepiness, even if enough time
was spent in bed to be well rested. More than 70 sleep disorders affect at least
40 million Americans and account for an estimated $16 billion in
medical costs each year, not counting costs due to lost work time
and other factors. The four most common sleep disorders are
insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea (sleep-disordered breathing),
restless legs syndrome (RLS), and narcolepsy. Additional sleep
problems include sleep walking, sleep paralysis, night terrors, and
other "parasomnias" that cause abnormal arousals.
Chronic insomnia is often caused by one or more of the following:
- It takes you more than 30 minutes to fall asleep at night.
- You awaken frequently in the night and then have trouble
falling back to sleep again.
- You awaken too early in the morning.
- You frequently don’t feel well rested despite spending 7–8
hours or more asleep at night.
- You feel sleepy during the day and fall asleep within 5 minutes
if you have an opportunity to nap, or you fall asleep at
inappropriate times during the day.
- Your bed partner claims you snore loudly, snort, gasp, or
make choking sounds while you sleep, or your partner
notices your breathing stops for short periods.
- You have creeping, tingling, or crawling feelings in your legs
that are relieved by moving or massaging them, especially in
the evening and when you try to fall asleep.
- You have vivid, dreamlike experiences while falling asleep or
- You have episodes of sudden muscle weakness when you
are angry, fearful, or when you laugh.
- You feel as though you cannot move when you first wake up.
- Your bed partner notes that your legs or arms jerk often
- You regularly need to use stimulants to stay awake during
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